636-18 Genetic and Environmental Parameters Affecting Natto Soybean.

Tuesday, 7 October 2008
George R. Brown Convention Center, Exhibit Hall E
David E. Cook, Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA and Katy Rainey, 509 Latham Hall, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA
Food grade soybean production is a high value alternative to conventional soybean use. Cultivars that display specific quality traits are needed for natto production, , a fermented soyfood. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate genetic and environmental influence for natto quality traits to ensure consistent performance. A multi location experiment was conducted in 2006 and 2007 to address the influence of cropping system and environmental factors on traits associated with natto quality. Two models were used to analyze the effects of planting system and environment on agronomic traits such as yield, maturity, and seed size and natto quality traits such as water absorption, water loss after steaming, seed coat deficiency, and rate of water absorption. Genotype variation was significant for all traits, but genetic differences for water loss after steaming were minimal. Planting system significantly influenced all natto quality traits. Seed coat deficiency and rate of water absorption displayed the most differential response and double crop plantings produced superior characteristics. Genotype environment interactions were significant for all traits, but they did not confound selecting superior natto cultivars. Significant environment and year effects indicate environmental sensitivity, but genotype rankings rarely changed. The results indicate that genotype was the most important factor controlling the natto quality traits tested. These results suggest breeding for superior natto cultivars is possible but environmental conditions influence trait expression and multi environment testing is necessary for genotype evaluation.