70161 INFLUENCE of Transgenic (D4E1) and NON-Transgenic COTTON On SOIL Phosphodiesterase ACTIVITY OVER A GROWING PERIOD.

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Sunday, February 5, 2012
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Jamie S. Keith1, LaKisha Odom2, Raymon S. Shange1 and Ramble Ankumah3, (1)Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL
(2)Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL
(3)Agric. & Eviron. Sciences, Tuskegee Uniniversity, Tuskegee, AL
In an effort to confer resistance to Cotton Seedling Disease, a fungal complex which results in millions of dollars of revenue loss per year ($10 million in Alabama alone) has had a major affect on farmers and their pockets.  Through genetic modification, a synthetic antimicrobial peptide D4E1, which has been shown in vitro and in-plants to have broad spectrum antimicrobial action against many fungal orders, has been transformed into cotton seeds to examine the efficacy of this peptide on the control of Cotton Seedling Disease Complex.  With the introduction of synthetic antimicrobial peptides as a means of conferring disease resistance, it is important that the potential impact on non-target organisms and processes (i.e.-biogeochemical cycles) be investigated.   The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of D4E1 on phosphodiesterase enzyme activity.  Three 150 x 150 ft test plots, over two field seasons,  were arranged in a completely randomized design and were assigned either one of 3 lines of cotton seed transformed with D4E1 (designated 357, 358, and 373),a control line containing a GUS marker gene, or a non-transgenic control consisting of the parent variety . Results demonstrated no differences between the control and the three isogenic lines; although, there were differences that were associated with time.