752-5 Development of a National Soil Geospatial Database.

Poster Number 511

See more from this Division: S05 Pedology
See more from this Session: Soil Survey Investigations (Posters)

Wednesday, 8 October 2008
George R. Brown Convention Center, Exhibit Hall E

Sharon Waltman1, Jennifer Sweet2, Robert Vreeland2, Waylon Daniels3, Darrell Kautz1, Gary Spivak4, Amanda Moore1, Tony Kimmet2, Steve Peaslee5, Craig Ditzler5, Jon Hempel1 and Micheal Golden6, (1)National Geospatial Development Center, USDA-NRCS, Morgantown, WV
(2)National Cartography and Geospatial Center, USDA-NRCS, Ft. Worth, TX
(3)Central National Technical Support Center, USDA-NRCS, Fort Worth, TX
(4)Vistronix, Ft. Collins, CO
(5)National Soil Survey Center, USDA-NRCS, Lincoln, NE
(6)USDA-NRCS, Washington, DC
In the past 3 years, USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service, Soil Survey Division both recognized the need to geo-spatially enable the traditionally attribute-only National Soil Information System (NASIS) and to implement a Major Land Resource Area (MLRA)-wide approach to soil correlation for detailed soil survey information.  This effort requires a more institutional use of Geographic Information (GIS) tools into the daily work of field and regional soil survey staff, compared to the current Ad Hoc approach.    The business and functional requirements of a transactional-National Soil Geospatial Database (transact-NSGD) are documented and described in this presentation.  The definition of a transactional National Soil Geospatial Database is a national collection of timely, consistent, accurate, reliable, and fully attributed soil spatial layers (vector model - map unit polygons, lines, and points; special feature lines and points; field data collection transects and pedon points) needed to conduct soil survey operations and deliver soil data and information that meets customer’s needs (data content). The transactional connection and processes between the spatial and attribute data are transparent to user (National Cooperative Soil Survey staff) during development, quality control/quality assurance, delivery, and use of these data (data container or information system). The transact-NSGD is anticipated to enhance the ability of the NCSS to deliver consistent, reliable soil information to internal and external customers in a timely manner for an appropriate area of interest.  New roles and best practices for managing vector soil survey information using ArcGIS 9.2 Spatial Data Engine and SQL Server 2005 within a national program are outlined.

See more from this Division: S05 Pedology
See more from this Session: Soil Survey Investigations (Posters)

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