See more from this Session: Metals and Metaloids: I
Wednesday, October 19, 2011: 10:50 AM
Henry Gonzalez Convention Center, Room 213A, Concourse Level
Arsenic is an element that exists naturally in many rocks and minerals around the world. It also accumulates in petroleum, shale, oil sands and coal deposits as a result of biogeochemical processes, and it has been found in fly ash from the combustion of solid biofuels. Arsenic compounds in their organic and inorganic forms pose both a health and an environmental risk, and continue to be a challenge to the energy industry. The environmental fate and removal technologies of arsenic compounds are controlled to a large extent by their surface interactions with inorganic and organic adsorbents. We report herein thermodynamic binding constants, Kbinding, from applying the triple layer surface complexation model to adsorption isotherm and pH-envelope data of DMA and p-AsA on hematite and goethite. Ligand exchange reactions were constructed based on the interpretation of ATR-FTIR spectra of DMA and p-AsA surface complexes. Surface coverage of adsorbates was quantified in-situ from the spectral component at 840 cm-1. Best fit to the DMA adsorption data was obtained using outer-sphere complex formation, whereas for p-AsA, best fit was obtained using two monodentate inner-sphere surface complexes. The significance of the results is discussed in relation to improving modeling tools used by environmental regulators and the energy sector for optimum control of arsenic content in fuels.