See more from this Session: Student WSCS/WSSS Oral Competition
Monday, June 20, 2011: 1:45 PM
The conversion of weed control methods from conventional herbicide applications to the use of a single herbicide (glyphosate) to control weeds has created a paradigm shift in both soil and crop science. Concerns have arisen with respect to the soil bioavailability of manganese (Mn) and the effects of Mn deficiency in glyphosate-resistant crops. A greenhouse study was conducted to investigate whether glyphosate reduced soybean uptake of Mn, which could result in crop damage among other physiological detriments. A three-factor factorial arrangement of five manganese (as MnCl2) rates, three glyphosate rates, and three soybean varieties were grown in a Mollisol collected from the Sustainable Agriculture and Research Extension Center (SAREC) near Lingle, Wyoming. Laboratory experiments were performed to examine the soil solution sorption chemistry of the Mn, glyphosate, and Mn-glyphosate complex. In separate experiments, total soil Mn concentration, bioavailable fraction, and water-soluble concentrations of Mn were determined to evaluate soil dynamics both separately and in conjunction with the herbicide. After a 12 week growth period, the Mn concentrations were then analyzed in the roots and aboveground biomass in combination with chlorophyll and soybean injury.