See more from this Session: Biochar: Environmental Uses
Tuesday, October 18, 2011: 10:35 AM
Henry Gonzalez Convention Center, Room 217B, Concourse Level
This research characterized and investigated ammonia and hydrogen sulfide gas adsorption capacities of low- and high-temperature biochars made from wood shavings and chicken litter. The biochar samples were activated with steam or phosphoric acid. The specific surface areas and pore volumes of the activated or non-activated biochar samples were evaluated according to the Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller (BET) isotherm model using N2 as an adsorbate. The surface characteristics of biocar samples were analyzed with the scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Proximate and ultimate analyses were also performed. Calibrated ammonia gas with 20 to 100 ppm concentration was passed through a column packed with biochar samples at 3 LPM. Effluent gas concentration was monitored via a photoacoustic analyzer in order to establish breakthrough curves. The adsorption capacity of the biochar was calculated from integrating the breakthrough curves. To date, we found that ammonia adsorption capacities based on 50% breakthrough curves ranged from 0.25 to 0.75 mg/g for non-activated biochars and 0.1 to 36.2 for activated biochars. The ammonia adsorption capacity was strongly correlated with the total acidity of the biochar. The adsorption experiments are still on going and the final results will be presented at the meeting.