The pooled (7 years) analysis of yield data revealed that the system productivity (rice+wheat) under double no-till (11.85 Mg ha-1) and traditional-till practice (12.67 Mg ha-1) were comparable. Double no-till system produced higher wheat yield (5.2 Mg ha-1) than traditional practice (4.6 Mg ha-1) whereas rice yield was marginally lower. After seven years, soil quality was significantly improved. Steady state infiltration rate was higher in double no-till system (0.41 cm hr-1) compared to traditional practice (0.11 cm hr-1). The surface density of soils (0-5 and 6-10 cm depth) was similar under both systems whereas higher sub-surface soil density (15-20 cm) was observed under traditional system (1.74 Mg M-3). The cone penetration resistance (CPR) remain unchanged at surface but reduced at sub-surface soil after continuous no tillage. On the other hand in conventionally-tilled plots, the sub-surface was compacted. The aggregate stability index was higher under double no-till system (2.9 MWD mm) with maximum of > 0.25 mm soil aggregates (74.1%) compared to traditional-till (1.3 & 49.4, respectively). The study also observed that double no-till system regulates soil surface temperature and facilitates better soil biological activities. Results indicate that the no-till practice is an efficient alternative to energy intensive tillage for improving the soil quality and sustainability of RWS.