Tuesday, November 3, 2009
Convention Center, Exhibit Hall BC, Second Floor
Camelina sativa is being evaluated as a nonfood industrial crop in three locations in Missouri. Production of camelina has recently increased in Europe and North America for manufacturing oil used in cosmetics and paint. Generally, camelina is most widely grown in northern climates greater than 42oN latitude in the Northern Hemisphere. In Missouri, farmers would probably double-crop camelina, as an alternative to winter wheat, with summer crops such as soybean. The objective of a study was to develop agronomic practices for camelina in Missouri. Seeding rate and nitrogen fertilizer tests with Calena, Ligena, and CO46 cultivars were conducted at Novelty (40.0oN), Columbia (38.9oN), and Portageville (36.4oN). Experiments were fertilized with 0, 34, 67, 100, and 134 kg N ha-1 and camelina drill planted at 2.8, 5.6, 8.4, 11.2, and 14 kg seed ha-1. At Portageville, 42 camelina accessions from the USDA-ARS National Germplasm System at Ames, Iowa were evaluated for seed size and oil, protein content, yield, disease and pest infestation, leaf area, and plant height. At Novelty, 16 accessions were evaluated.